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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 24(6); 2013 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2013;24(6): 694-701.
The Correlation between Infection Probability Score and Procalcitonin in Emergency Department Patients
Gyu Dong Jo, Pil Cho Choi, Sang Kuk Han, Dong Hyuk Shin, Hyun Jung Lee, Ji Ung Na
Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jiung.na@samsung.com
Procalcitonin is a well-established biochemical marker for bacterial infection. We conducted this study to analyze the correlation between procalcitonin and Infection Probability Score (IPS), a recently introduced scoring system to predict bacterial infection in intensive care unit patients. The cutoff value of IPS corresponding to procalcitonin cutoff values was determined for procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy in emergency department (ED) patients.
A retrospective observation study was conducted on adult ED patients who simultaneously underwent an IPS-required blood test and procalcitonin treatment from January 1, 2012 to June 30, 2012. Based on their diagnosis at discharge, patients were grouped into a lower respiratory infection group or an "other" diagnosis group. The correlation between IPS and procalcitonin was analyzed by correlation and linear regression analysis. The IPS value corresponded to 0.25 ng/mL procalcitonin (in the lower respiratory infection group) and 0.5 ng/mL (in the other diagnosis group) as inferred by ROC curve analysis. A total of 722 cases (lower respiratory infection group: 258, other diagnosis group: 464) were included in the final analysis.
In correlation analysis, the IPS showed a significant correlation with procalcitonin level in both groups (r=0.26, p<0.01, r=0.25, p<0.01, respectively). In ROC curve analysis, IPS 14 could predict procalcitonin> or =0.25 microg/L in the lower respiratory infection group (area under curve: 0.783 [95% CI, 0.724-0.841], sensitivity: 77.8%, specificity: 72.3%). Also, IPS 14 could predict procalcitonin> or =0.5 microg/L in the other diagnosis group (area under curve: 0.764 [95% CI, 0.717-0.810], sensitivity: 70.1%, specificity: 74.2%).
The IPS had a significant correlation with procalcitonin level and IPS> or =14 corresponded to the procalcitonin cut-off value to predict bacterial infection in ED patients. Thus, IPS> or =14 may be used to predict bacterial infection and can guide early anti-microbial therapy in ED patients when procalcitonin is not readily available.
Key words: Bacterial infections, Procalcitonin, Predictive Value of Tests
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