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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 9(2); 1998 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1998;9(2): 303-310.
Clinical Observation in 1211 Cases of Burn Patients
Young Ho Ahn, Woo Ik Choi, Chan Sang Park, Jhun Jo, Boung Dae Yoo, Dong Phil Lee
ABSTRACT
We have reviewed 1211 burn patients who had visited our emergency department of Keimyung University Dongsan medical center between April 1995 to March 1997. The following results were obtained; 1) On age and sex distribution, the highest incidence of age group was under 10 year and old in 321 cases(26.5%). Male was affected more frequently than female, the incidence being 847 cases(70.1%) and 364 cases(29.9%). The ratio of male to female was 2.3:1. 2) No monthly and seasonal differences could be recognized. We found winter season having the highest 319 cases(26.3%), followed by autumn, spring and summer. 3) An analysis of causes in burns showed that flame burns were 527 cases(43.1%), scalding burns, 486 cases(40.2%), electrical burns, 96 cases(8.1%) and chemical burns, 48 cases(4.1%). 4) Domestic accidents accounted for 639 cases(52.7%), occupational for 286 cases(23.6%), traffic accidents for 160 cases(13.2%), suicides for 122 cases(10.1%), formentation for 4 cases(0.4%). 5) Most of patients 699 cases(57.7%) were affected with 2nd degree burn in depth, 1st degree for 413 cases(34.1%) and 3rd degree for 99 cases(8.2%). 6) The trunk was the anatomical region most commonly affected followed by upper and lower limbs. 7) 243 cases(20.5%) of all were accompanied by some complications. The main complications were would infection noted in 212 cases(17.5%), pneumonia in 179 cases(14.8%), acute renal failure in 160 cases(13.2), contracture in 155 cases(13.0), urinary tract infection in 24 cases(2.0%), Curling ulcer in 20 cases(1.6%) in order. 8) The over-all mortality rate was 73 cases(6.1%). The mortality rate of the patients with inhalation injury were 33 cases(45.3%). Causes of death were due to sepsis in 54 cases(4.5%), ARDS in 11 cases(0.9%), acute renal failure in 5 cases(0.4%), upper GI bleeding in 2 cases(0.2%), purmonary edema in 1 cases(0.1%).
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