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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 27(6); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2016;27(6): 549-555.
전국 조사사업을 통한 일반인 심폐소생술 대응역량 변화와 전략수립: 2007, 2011, 2015년 추세 분석을 중심으로
이영기1, 노태호2, 박용석3, 이미진3, 황성오4, 차경철4, 조규종5, 손유동5, 최마이클승필6
1건양대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
2가톨릭대학교 의과대학 내과학교실
3경북대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
4연세대학교 원주의과대학 응급의학교실
5한림대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
6차의과학대학교 구미차병원 응급의학과
Enhanced Strategies through National Tri-temporal Analysis of Public Capacity Prepared for Laypersons’ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Yeong Ki Lee1, Tae Ho Nho2, Yong Seok Park3, Mi Jin Lee3, Sung Oh Hwang4, Kyoung Chul Cha4, Gyu Chong Cho5, You Dong Sohn5, Michael Sung Pil Choe6
1Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
2Devision of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
5Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Hallym University School of Medicine, Anyang, Korea
6Department of Emergency Medicine, Gumi CHA Medical Center, CHA University, Gumi, Korea
Correspondence  Mi Jin Lee ,Tel: 053-200-6400, Fax: 053-428-2820, Email: emmam@knu.ac.kr,
Received: July 2, 2016; Revised: July 4, 2016   Accepted: August 24, 2016.  Published online: December 31, 2016.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and dissemination of its training are essential to improve the survival outcomes of sudden cardiac death. The purpose of this study was to investigate the tri-temporal trend analysis of the national CPR capacity variables and preparedness in a community.
Method:
This nationwide population-based study used structured questionnaire by a telephone survey for CPR in 2007 (n=1,029), in 2011 (n=1,000), and in 2015 (n=1,000). We used stratified cluster sampling to assess the impact of age, gender, and geographic regions. The contents in the questionnaire consisted of CPR awareness, self-efficacy for bystander CPR, prior training status, and willingness of public CPR training.
Results:
The proportion of CPR awareness and its recent training experience (<2 years) increased from 89.0% and 14.6%, respectively, in 2007 to 88.5% and 18.7% in 2011, and finally to 94.8% and 30.6% in 2015 (both p for trend<0.001). More than 95% of respondents had agreed to mandatory CPR training acquiring a driver’s license or CPR education in school. The awareness of Good Samaritan Law was increased from 20.5% in 2011 to 28.7% in 2015; however, the overall values were lower than the other CPR-related awareness and preparedness.
Conclusion:
In Korea, the trends of national CPR capacity index have been increasing during the past decade. However, the public awareness of the Good Samaritan Law was still low. We suggest that promoting the Good Samaritan Law should be the next step in preparing public CPR training in the future.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Education, Health services needs and demand, Preparedness, Surveys and questionnaires
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