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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 32(1); 2021 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2021;32(1): 36-48.
여성병원 화재 사고에서의 재난 의료 대응에 관한 고찰
김민규 , 서주현 , 김용석 , 배소현
한양대학교 의료원, 명지병원 응급의학과
A study on the disaster medical response in the fire accident at the women’s hospital
Mingyu Kim , Joohyun Suh , Yong Seok Kim , Sohyun Bae
Department of Emergency Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University Medical Center, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence  Sohyun Bae ,Tel: 031-810-7129, Fax: 031-810-7139, Email: mcsenti99@naver.com,
Received: February 16, 2020; Revised: April 21, 2020   Accepted: July 28, 2020.  Published online: February 26, 2021.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
The purpose of this study is to report the activities of Disaster Medical Assistance Team and national emergency medical center in the fire at a women’s hospital on December 14, 2019, and to suggest an improvement plan for the special disastrous situation.
Method:
We reviewed the transfer records of national emergency medical center, medical records of regional emergency medical center, and records of each patient’s prognosis of the women’s hospital, retrospectively. Triage of casualties was conducted according to SALT (Sort, Assess, Lifesaving Interventions, Treatment/Transport) method.
Results:
The fire was extinguished early and there was no victim with significant carbon monoxide intoxication. Among 228 casualties, there were 143 patients of the women’s hospital. Two patients were classified as immediate, 55 patients including pregnant women, newborns, and mothers were classified as delayed, and 171 casualties including newborns and mothers were classified as minimal. Among 66 newborns, 40 newborns were transferred to the regional Emergency Medical Center, and a second triage was conducted by doctors there.
Conclusion:
Although there was no significant victim, physically and socially susceptible people such as pregnant women, newborns, and mothers were included in this accident. We recommend establishing a standard of disaster response for special population and improving our capability at a national level.
Key words: Disasters; Pregnant women; Infant, Newborn; Medical assistance
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