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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 7(3); 1996 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1996;7(3): 398-404.
CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF ACUTE DRUG INTOXICATION IN THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT
Kyung Ho Lee, Kyung Hwan Kim
Department of Emergency Medidne, Inje University Medical College, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul. Korea
  Published online: September 30, 1996.
ABSTRACT
The initial treatment of acute drug intoxication must start as soon as possible. The treatment has been started mostly in emergency department. We have reviewed 353 patients who visited to emergency department of Sanggye Paik Hospital from 1. January to 31. December in 1994 to look for clinical characteristics of acute drug intoxication. It was 0.66% of total emergency department patients. Male to female ratio was 1:1.9 and the age distribution revealed a high incidence in third decade(29.5 %). The motives of intoxication were suicidal attempts in 68.9 % and accidental intoxication in 31.1 %. The drug used in acute intoxication were sedatives, NSAID, insecticide, rodenticide, in order. Admission rate was 18.4% and mean hospital day 7.1 days. ICU admission rate was 67.7% and mean staying time was 4.6 days. Overall mortality rate of total cases was 1.98 % and prominent in herbicide intoxication.
Key words: Acute drug intoxication. Emergency department
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