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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 32(5); 2021 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2021;32(5): 416-421.
Characteristics of dog-bite injuries and factors affecting hospitalization in a single-center emergency department setting in Korea
Seung Jae Sin1 , Jun Hee Lee1 , Suk Yoon Jang2 , Jong Ho Cheun3
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonkwang University Sanbon Hospital, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Gunpo, Korea
2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cheorwon Hospital, Cheorwon, Korea
3Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Jun Hee Lee ,Tel: 031-390-2345, Fax: 031-390-2275, Email: inhaed@hanmail.net,
Received: July 3, 2020; Revised: September 17, 2020   Accepted: November 4, 2020.  Published online: October 31, 2021.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
We conducted this study to examine the characteristics of dog-bite injuries and to analyze the factors affecting hospitalization in a single-center emergency department (ED) setting in Korea.
Method:
The current single-center, retrospective, cohort study was conducted on 202 patients with dog-bite injuries who visited our medical institution between 2011 and 2019 through a retrospective analysis of their medical records.
Results:
The Pearson’s chi-square test indicated that outpatient treatment had a significant positive correlation with the location of the bite. Also, hospitalization had a significant positive correlation with age and the depth of the bite wounds (P=0.002, P=0.031, and P=0.034, respectively). On multiple regression analysis, it was observed that hospitalization had a significant positive correlation with age (odds ratio [OR], 1.421; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.047-1.529; P=0.011) and the depth of the bite wounds (OR, 1.077; 95% CI, 1.013-1.139; P=0.014).
Conclusion:
In conclusion, our results indicate that older patients and those with deeper bite wounds are vulnerable to hospitalization. This would be helpful in an ED setting for dispensing treatment to those with dog-bite injuries.
Key words: Dogs; Bites and stings; Wounds and injuries; Hospitalization; Interdisciplinary
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