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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 32(5); 2021 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2021;32(5): 432-446.
지리정보시스템(geographic information system)을 이용하여 분석한 춘천시 응급환자 발생 유형
강바우1 , 조준휘1,2 , 문중범1,2 , 박찬우1,2 , 신명철1,2 , 박윤수1 , 양고은3,4 , 김창환5 , 배선학5 , 옥택근1,2
1강원대학교병원 응급의학과
2강원대학교 의학전문대학원 응급의학교실
3강원대학교병원 영상의학과
4강원대학교 의학전문대학원 영상의학교실
5강원대학교 사범대학 지리교육과
Types of emergency patient analyzed using the geographic information system
Ba Woo Kang1 , Jun Hwi Cho1,2 , Joong Bum Moon1,2 , Chan Woo Park1,2 , Myoung Chul Shin1,2 , Yoon Soo Park1 , Go Eun Yang3,4 , Chang-Hwan Kim5 , Sun-Hak Bae5 , Taek Geun Ohk1,2
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
3Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea
4Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
5Department of Geography Education, College of Education, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Taek Geun Ohk ,Tel: 033-258-2438, Fax: 033-258-2451, Email: otgotg11@gmail.com,
Received: September 16, 2020; Revised: November 5, 2020   Accepted: November 10, 2020.  Published online: October 31, 2021.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
Predicting the incidence of emergency patients can be very important for the efficient use of emergency medical resources and the deployment of 119 centers in a pre-hospital setting. The study was conducted to analyze the occurrence of emergency patients using geographic information systems in a pre-hospital setting in Korea.
Method:
The basic data used in this study were collected from the 119 centers in Chuncheon-si, Korea, under the firefighting headquarters in Gangwon-do from January 2012 to December 2016.
Results:
The total number of patients transferred by 119 paramedics was 72,362. Of these, 9,904 (14.7%) were emergency patients; 519 (0.7%) had cardiovascular diseases; 383 (0.5%) had cerebrovascular diseases; 3,043 (4.2%) were trauma patients; 58,413 (80.7%) were non-emergency patients. The occurrence of emergency diseases was slightly lower in the Hyoja-dong area, and it was slightly higher in the area of the outskirts of the city. The incidence of heart disease was low in the Hyoja-dong and Nam-myeon areas, but the incidence of heart disease was highly observed in other areas. The number of trauma patients was 1,265 (41.6%) in the outskirts of the city, a suburban area, showing a relatively higher incidence than other emerging diseases.
Conclusion:
The deployment of ambulances in Chuncheon-si should be carried out considering demographic characteristics and patient occurrence.
Key words: Spatio-temporal analysis; Emergency medical service; Geographic information systems
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