| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 35(1); 2024 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2024;35(1): 67-76.
기계학습모델을 통한 응급실 급성담관염 환자의 중증도 예측모델
윤준우1 , 박민우2 , 김영식1 , 이규현1 , 정루비1 , 유우성1 , 곽경훈1 , 최승주1
1분당제생병원 응급의학과
2서울시립대학교 자연과학연구소
Prediction model of severity in patients with acute cholangitis in the emergency department using machine learning models
Junu Yun1 , Minwoo Park2 , Youngsik Kim1 , KyuHyun Lee1 , Rubi Jeong1 , Woosung Yu1 , Kyunghoon Kwak1 , Seungju Choi1
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
2Natural Science Research Institute, University of Seoul, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Minwoo Park ,Tel: 02-6490-6712, Fax: 02-6490-2644, Email: dkruru@gmail.com,
Received: March 21, 2023; Revised: June 26, 2023   Accepted: July 14, 2023.  Published online: February 28, 2024.
The purpose of this study was to develop a machine learning-based model (eXtreme Gradient boost [XGBoost]) that can accurately predict the severity of acute cholangitis in patients. The model was designed to simplify the classification process compared to conventional methods.
We retrospectively collected data from patients with cholangitis who visited the emergency department of a secondary medical institution in Seongnam, Korea from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019. The patients were divided into three groups (Grade I, II, III) based on severity according to the Tokyo Guidelines 2018/2013 (TG18/13) severity assessment criteria for cholangitis. We used algorithms to select variables of high relevance associated with the grade of severity. For the XGBoost models, data were divided into a train set and a validation set by the random split method. The train set was trained in XGBoost models using only the top seven variables. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) and the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC) were obtained from the validation set.
796 patients were enrolled. The top 7 variables associated with the grade of severity were albumin, white blood cells, blood urea nitrogen, troponin T, platelets, creatinine, prothrombin time, and international normalized ratio. The AUROC values were 0.881 (Grade I), 0.836 (Grade II), and 0.932 (Grade III). The AUPRC values were 0.457 (Grade I), 0.820 (Grade II), and 0.880 (Grade III).
We believe that the developed XGBoost model is a useful tool for predicting the severity of acute cholangitis with high accuracy and fewer variables than the conventional severity classification method.
Key words: Cholangitis; Machine learning; Emergency department; Severity of illness index
Editorial Office
The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine
TEL: +82-62-226-1780   FAX: +82-62-224-3501   E-mail: 0012194@csuh.co.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine.                 Developed in M2PI