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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 25(6); 2014 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2014;25(6): 780-783.
Chemical Pneumonitis due to Exposure to Waterproofing Spray Containing Perfluoroalkyl Acrylate Copolymer
Seon Sook Han, Hyun Jeong Baek, Hui Young Lee, Dong Ryeol Ryu, Jun Hwi Cho, Chan Woo Park
1Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon-si, Korea.
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon-si, Korea. bonaeboa@naver.com
ABSTRACT
Waterproofing spray is used to ensure that clothing, including mountain wear, leather, and other surfaces are waterproof. Respiratory illnesses related to the use of waterproofing spray have been reported globally. The composition of waterproofing spray varies depending on the manufacturer. We treated a patient with chemical pneumonitis and alveolar hemorrhage due to exposure to waterproofing spray containing perfluoroalkyl acrylate copolymer. We diagnosed the patient with chemical pneumonitis and alveolar hemorrhage based on computed tomography (CT) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) test performed within 24 h after symptom occurrence. We believe that further study regarding the exact mechanism of pulmonary toxicity for waterproofing agents is required.
Key words: Pneumonitis, Alveolar, Hemorrhage, Bronchoalveolar lavage
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