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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 19(6); 2008 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2008;19(6): 648-656.
Serum S100B Protein and Neuron-Specific Enolase: Time Course and Usefulness as Predictors of Neurological Outcome in Post-resuscitaion Patients
Sung Wook Park, Yong Su Lim, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Kwang Kim, Hyuk Jun Yang, Sung Yoel Hyun, Eell Ryoo, Ae Jin Sung
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, GyeongGi-Do, Korea. guhongdu@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
In 2000, the American Heart Association and International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation published guidelines for CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation), and these guidelines were revised in 2005. Many physicians perform CPR differently than suggested by these guidelines. We investigated guideline conformation rates for CPR by non-emergency physicians.
METHODS:
From January 1st, 2005, to December 31st, 2005, and from January 1st, 2007, to September 30th, 2007, 103 in-hospital CPR cases were enrolled. We separated the 103 cases into two groups: 2005 patients and 2007 patients. Fifty-two cases in the 2005 group and 51 cases in the 2007 group were enrolled. The defibrillation method, defibrillation energy, epinephrine use, and atropine use were analyzed.
RESULTS:
Nineteen cases (82.6%) in the 2005 group and three cases (21.4%) in the 2007 group were performed using the appropriate defibrillation method (p=0.0002). Seventeen cases (73.9%) in the 2005 group and four cases (28.6%) in the 2007 group received the appropriate defibrillation energy (p=0.0069). Seven cases (14.0%) in the 2005 group and 16 cases (32.0%) in the 2007 group used the appropriate epinephrine dose (p=0.0325). Fourteen cases (28.0%) in the 2005 patient group and 14 cases (29.2%) inthe 2007 patient group used the appropriate atropine dose (p=0.8983).
CONCLUSION:
Although CPR guidelines were renewed in 2005, many physicians do not follow these guidelines. We suggest that adequate information, education, feedback, and further study are needed for guideline conformation.
Key words: Guideline, Electric Countershock, Epinephrine, Atropine
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