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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 8(2); 1997 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1997;8(2): 155-165.
Clinical Analysis of patients Who visited Emergency Room of Secondary Medical Center
Sang Seob Yun, Seung Hye Choi, Il Young Park, Seong Lee, Seung Man Park, Keun Woo Lim
ABSTRACT
We performed a retrospective study of 12,307 patients who visited the emergency room of St. Paul's Hospital, secondary medical center, from January 1 to December 31,1996. The results were as follows : 1. Of 12,307 total patients, male to female ratio was 1.16:1 but after 7th decade, there were more female than male. And 3rd decade was the peak age group. 2. The majority o(patients visited our emergency room from noon to midnight (65% of total patients). 3. On average,33.7 patients visited our emergency room per day. Most patients visited on Sundays and other holidays(average 43.3 per day). 4. By monthly distribution, the patients Increased slightly during May, June, July, August and September. 5. Disease to injury ratio was 2.6:1. In disease, male to female ratio was 1 :1 and in injury, the male prominence had a the ratio 1.8:1 In 2nd decade, disease to injury ratio was higher (1.4:1) than that of other decade. And there were mostly disease patients in the group under 1 year old (19.2: 1). 6. Of 12,307 total patients,5,458 patients received only Intern's treatment (44.3%). In 3rd decade, the ratio of Intern's treatment was higher (54.4%). 7, The patients were categorized as follows, Infernal medicine 28.1%, Pediatrics 18.2fo, Orthopedic surgery 13.2%, Plastic surgery 7.4% etc. 8. Averaged admission rate was 25.3% and the rate of general surgery was the highest (49.5%). The rate of admission to intensive care unit (ICU) was 5.5% of total visiting patients and 21.8% of total admission patients. 9. The total patients transferred from other hospitals were 1152 (9.4%), 3.16 per day. The majority used non-emergency vehicles and only 8.5% of patients used the rescue service or ambulances. 10. The average transit time spent in the emergency room was 182 minutes. The longest was 246 minutes in March and the shortest 127 minutes in January.
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